UNGA में भारत के लिए पीएम मोदी की विश्व दृष्टि


अधिकांश देशों के विपरीत, यूनाइटेड नेशनल जनरल असेंबली (यूएनजीए) की 75 वीं उच्च-स्तरीय बहस में भारत का बयान एक गरिमापूर्ण था जहां राजनीतिक एजेंडा चलाने के लिए मंच का नामकरण या लापता होने का कोई नाम नहीं था।

प्रधान मंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी ने शनिवार को आभासी माध्यम से विश्व निकाय को संबोधित किया, महामारी से लड़ने के लिए एक साथ आने और संयुक्त राष्ट्र सुरक्षा परिषद (UNSC) की स्थायी सदस्यता के लिए अभी तक एक और पिच बनाने की आवश्यकता पर जोर दिया।

भारत को बनाने वाले 1.3 बिलियन लोगों की दुनिया की याद दिलाते हुए, पीएम मोदी ने कहा कि आज दुनिया “काफी अलग” है।

“वैश्विक स्थिति, स्रोत-संसाधन, समस्याएं-समाधान; सभी काफी भिन्न थे। और परिणामस्वरूप, वैश्विक कल्याण के उद्देश्य से स्थापित संयुक्त राष्ट्र का रूप और रचना, उन लोगों की मौजूदा स्थिति के अनुसार थे। समय। आज हम बिलकुल अलग युग में हैं, ”उन्होंने कहा।

Striking straightaway at the core of the current architecture of the UN, Prime Minister Modi questioned the efficacy of the forum in handling crisis. Without proper and real representation, this august house does not have a leg to stand on.

Citing the example of the response to the fight against Covid-19, the Prime Minister said, “During those times and even today, can we suggest that efforts of the United Nations to tackle these issues were sufficient. Over the last eight to nine months, the whole world has been battling the pandemic of the coronavirus. Where is the United Nations in this joint fight against the pandemic? Where is its effective response?”

While he did not name any organisation or country, the world has been concerned about the role of the World Health Organisation (WHO), and its complicity with China in delayed response to health crisis is beginning with the fact that the WHO failed to even declare the outbreak a pandemic in time.

“Reform in the responses, in the processes, and in the very character of the United Nations is the need of the hour. It is a fact that the faith and respect that the United Nations enjoys among the 1.3 billion people in India is unparalleled. But it is also true that the people of India have been waiting for a long time for the process for the reforms of the United Nations to get completed. Today, people of India are concerned whether this reform-process will ever reach its logical conclusion,” he added.

Of the P5 (Permanent Five) nations, four support India’s candidature as permanent representative of the United Nations Security Council. China has been the only obstruction. With the increase in tensions between India and China, an endorsement from Beijing for New Delhi would be a far cry.

“For how long will India be kept out of the decision-making structures of the United Nations? This is a country, which is the largest democracy of the world; This is a country with more than 18 per cent of the world population… How long would a country have to wait particularly when the transformational changes happening in that country affect a large part of the world?” he asked.

He reminded the world that the United Nations was built on the very same ideals that the idea of India, “Bharat”, was built on – Vasudev Kutumbakam (the whole world is one family).

“Within the halls of the United Nations, one has often heard the words the world is one family,” said PM Modi.

The biggest example of India’s leadership has been during this pandemic when India extended unparalleled support to nations the world over, particularly the immediate neighbourhood.

“We have never hesitated from sharing experiences of our development. Your excellency, even during these very difficult times of the raging pandemic, the pharmaceutical industry of India has sent essential medicines to more than 150 countries,” said PM Modi.

As the largest vaccine producing country of the world, he assured the global community that “India’s vaccine production and delivery capacity will be used to help all of humanity in fighting this crisis. In India and in our neighbourhood, we are moving ahead with phase 3 clinical trials. India will also help all the countries in enhancing their cold chain and storage capacities for the delivery of the vaccines.”

India won the elections to the non-permanent membership of the UNSC unopposed to serve for two years starting January 2021. While India is going to sit at the high table, the job remains unfinished till the world is not fully represented at the UNSC.

“Starting from January next year, India will also fulfil its responsibility as a non-permanent member of the Security Council. I express my gratitude to all fellow members states who have bestowed this trust upon India. As the world’s largest democracy, we will bring our years of rich developmental experience for the benefit of the whole world,” he said.

While Pakistan PM Imran Khan focussed on hitting out at India, PM Modi had more important things to talk about. The “befitting reply” that Indian envoy to the UN in New York tweeted about after Imran Khan’s speech has been two pronged – one having the youngest diplomat to respond to the Pakistani Prime Minister’s rant and second, when the Indian PM did not bother to mention or respond to Pakistan at all.

The focus was larger, the focus indeed was where India stood and where it is headed.

“Our way forward is to proceed from human welfare to the welfare of the world. India will always speak in support of peace, security and prosperity. India will not hesitate in raising its voice against the enemies of humanity, human race and human values – these include terrorism, smuggling of illegal weapons, drugs and money-laundering. India’s cultural heritage, tradition, thousands of years of experience will always stand in good stead for the developing countries,” PM Modi said.

“One could say that we have successfully avoided a third world war. But we cannot deny that there have been several wars, and many more civil wars. Several terrorist attacks shook the world and rivers of blood have continued to flow by,” he said.

Finally, while he focused on projects envisaged by India like the International Day of Non-Violence, International Day of Yoga, Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure and the International Solar Alliance; he also spoke of the “philosophy” of “humanity”.

“India has always thought about the interests of the whole humankind and not about its own vested interests. This philosophy has always been the driving force of India’s policies. From India’s Neighbourhood First Policy to our Act East Policy, as well as the idea of Security and Growth for All in the Region, or our views towards the Indo Pacific region, we have always worked for the interests of humankind and not driven by our own self-interests. India’s partnerships are always guided by this very principle,” the PM said.

PM Modi highlighted the economic policies of India during the current economic crisis that have been appreciated by international organisations and various other nations, including a move towards “digital transactions”.

“Today, India is providing digital access to its millions of citizens, and in the process ensuring empowerment and transparency,” the PM asserted.

“Following the mantra of Reform-Perform-Transform, India has made great efforts to bring about transformation in the lives of millions of its citizens. These experiences are as useful for many countries of the world as they have been for us,” he said.

“In the changed circumstances of the post-pandemic era, we are moving forward with the vision of ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’. A self-reliant India will also be a force multiplier for the global economy. Today, it is also being ensured that there is no discrimination in extending the benefits of all the schemes and initiatives to every citizen of the country,” he added.

भारत की समावेशी नीतियों और भेदभाव से लड़ने की आवश्यकता पर बोलते हुए उन्होंने कहा, “महिला उद्यमिता और नेतृत्व को बढ़ावा देने के लिए भारत में बड़े पैमाने पर प्रयास किए जा रहे हैं। भारतीय महिलाएं, आज, दुनिया की सबसे बड़ी सूक्ष्म वित्त योजना की सबसे बड़ी लाभार्थी हैं।” उन देशों में से एक है जहां महिलाओं को 26 सप्ताह का मातृत्व अवकाश प्रदान किया जाता है। भारत में, ट्रांसजेंडरों के अधिकारों को आवश्यक कानूनी सुधारों के माध्यम से सुरक्षित किया जा रहा है। “

हालांकि अभी भी बहुत कुछ है जो भारत में नेतृत्व को करने की आवश्यकता है, जो प्रयास किए गए हैं, उन्हें वर्तनी में सही दिशा में एक कदम है। एक कि कई विश्व नेताओं और वैश्विक शक्तियों की आज कमी है।

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